Cart with Red and White Ox

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Cart with Red and White Ox by Vincent van Gogh
Cart with Red and White Ox
Oil on canvas on panel
57 × 82.5 cm (22.5 × 32.5 in)
Kröller-Müller Museum
Painted July 1884, Nuenen
F 38, JH 504

"The last things I did are a couple of rather large studies of ox-carts, a black ox and a red and white one."
Letter to Theo van Gogh, circa 20 July 1884

Vincent spends most of his letter writing time in this period updating Theo on the paintings of weavers working at their looms, but here he mentions this painting and also Cart with Black Ox (F 39, JH 505). In 2010 an Oregon university x-rayed the other work, Cart with Black Ox, and revealed that it was painted on a very finely woven canvas, unlike many of Vincent's works at this time. This would have been an expensive canvas for him to use and perhaps indicates his ambition or intention for the painting as a serious piece. It is unclear which of the two were painted first but this one is on the less expensive material of canvas on wood panel. Perhaps this was painted first in preparation for the other work.

The Ox Cart: Red and White Ox

W. Scherjon, Utrecht (1910?, 1918);
Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, Netherlands (1970).